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SAFty in numbers

As part of the Green Deal, the European Commission has launched the “ReFuelEU Aviation Initiative” to increase the role of “sustainable aviation fuels” in EU aviation. This report for Transport…
June 1, 2021/by Chris Malins

Fuelling Development

This report for Transport and Environment, written in partnership with David Calderbank Consulting, considers options for the development of alternative transport energy policy in the UK under the Renewable…
April 15, 2021/by Chris Malins

Soy, land use change and ILUC-risk

In its assessment of which biofuel feedstocks should be considered 'high ILUC-risk', the European Commission found that soy oil was associated with second highest deforestation risk of the biofuel feedstocks…
November 15, 2020/by Chris Malins

We didn’t start the fire!

This report for Transport and Environment reviews the role of biomass based energy in scenarios for meeting EU and global climate change targets.
June 30, 2020/by Chris Malins

Beyond biomass?

Within the European Union's recast Renewable Energy Directive support is available not only to biofuels but also to 'renewable fuels of non-biological origin' (electrofuels) and to 'recycled carbon fuels'…
June 15, 2020/by Chris Malins

Accentuating the positive?

Estimating emissions associated with indirect land use change (ILUC) is a fundamental part of analysing the likely net GHG emissions impacts of biofuel mandates, and in some regulations (e.g. U.S. Renewable…
April 30, 2020/by Chris Malins

Biofuel to the fire

In partnership with the Rainforest Foundation Norway, this report reviews the threat to tropical forests from continued expansion of mandates for palm- and soy-oil based biofuels.
April 30, 2020/by Chris Malins

Destination deforestation

The aviation industry identifies 'sustainable aviation fuels' as a key tool to manage the growing climate impact of aviation. There are, however, fundamental differences between the sustainability…
March 3, 2020/by Chris Malins

What does it mean to be a renewable electron?

Defining renewability and additionality for renewable fuels of non-biological origin



In the European Union, renewable energy policy is guided by the Renewable Energy Directive, which sets targets…
December 10, 2019/by Chris Malins

Truckin’ on

In this report for FuelsEurope we present a proposal to use a fuel decarbonisation credit added to the heavy duty efficiency vehicle efficiency standard to accelerate deployment of advanced alternative…
June 6, 2019/by Chris Malins

The (environmental) price of FAME

Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), or biodiesel as it is more commonly known, is a diesel substitute produced by reacting methanol with vegetable oil, and is the second most widely used bio-additive in…
March 29, 2019/by Chris Malins

Comparing GTAP ILUC results to observations of ethanol related land use change

For over ten years, indirect land use change modeling has been an important part of assessing the environmental impact of U.S. biofuel policy. While several models have been developed to undertake these…
March 29, 2019/by Chris Malins

Accentuating the positive – has optimism bias driven reductions in ILUC estimates?

Indirect land use change, often abbreviated to ILUC, refers to the expected expansion of agricultural area (and subsequent release of carbon from biomass and soils) when biofuel policies increase demand…
March 29, 2019/by Chris Malins

Risk management

The recast Renewable Energy Directive, agreed last year, created a new category of high ILUC-risk biofuels, along with defining a role for certifying low ILUC-risk biofuels. This report, undertaken for…
January 24, 2019/by Chris Malins

Washington’s Clean Fuel Future

With Clean Fuel Programs (CFPs, also referred to as Low Carbon Fuel Standards) active in California, Oregon and British Columbia, and set to be introduced at the federal level in Canada, it is unsurprising…
January 10, 2019/by Chris Malins

What role for electromethane and electroammonia?

Following on our 2017 report on the potential for liquid electrofuels in the European fuel mix, Transport and Environment asked Cerulogy to look at the opportunity for electromethane as a heavy duty fuel…
October 24, 2018/by Chris Malins

Building the Perfect Beast: Designing Advanced Alternative Fuel Policy to Work

Cerulogy attended Biomass Conference and Exhibition in Copenhagen this year (2018) to present a paper on building more effective policy for advanced alternative fuel commercialisation. The paper is now…
July 12, 2018/by Chris Malins

California’s Clean Fuel Future

The California Air Resources Board is in the process of stakeholder engagement before setting compliance targets to 2030 for the Low Carbon Fuel Standard, and Cerulogy was asked by the NextGen Foundation,…
April 9, 2018/by Chris Malins

Driving deforestation

As we highlighted in our report 'For peat's sake', there is a well documented link between increasing palm oil demand, expansion of the cultivated area of palm oil plantations and destruction of forest…
February 6, 2018/by Chris Malins

Power to the people?

What role is there for electrofuel technologies in European transport’s low carbon future?
Liquid fuels are set to be part of the European and global transport energy supply for some time to come -…
December 1, 2017/by Chris Malins

Devilish details…

...you’ll never believe the regulatory mistakes the EU is at risk of making in the RED II*
In a blog post just under a year ago I heralded the generally positive qualities of the European Commission’s…
November 27, 2017/by Chris Malins

Thought for food

Since the food price crisis of 2006-2008, there has been a lively debate about the impact of biofuel demand on food markets, prices and security, with some biofuel advocates characterising the idea of…
September 15, 2017/by Chris Malins

Waste not want not

The controversy around the use of food and feed commodities for biofuel has led to an increasing focus on opportunities to produce biofuels from wastes, residues and by-products. However, where those materials…
September 15, 2017/by Chris Malins

Navigating the maize

Update - An updated critique reacting to republished results from USDA is available here: https://theicct.org/publications/critique-lifecycle-emissions-modeling-ghg-ethanol
Earlier in 2017, the United…
July 13, 2017/by Chris Malins

For peat’s sake

This report, commissioned by the Rainforest Foundation Norway (cf. www.regnskog.no/en/news/norway-bans-palm-oil-based-biofuel-in-its-public-procurement), reviews the evidence on the implications of using…
June 13, 2017/by Chris Malins

A leap forward for European advanced biofuel policy

Yesterday, the European Commission released its proposal for the renewable energy regime for Europe through to 2030. The proposal includes a framework for supporting and regulating the supply of alternative…
December 1, 2016/by Chris Malins

Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences

Following the 16th International Peat Congress (IPC) in Kuching (Sarawak), Malaysia, widely read media reported that the congress supported the view that current agricultural practices in peatland areas,…
September 30, 2016/by Chris Malins